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RED LIST OF PLANTS
IN LEBANON

SUMMARY

  • Critically Endangered: 20

  • Endangered: 59

  • Vulnerable: 24

  • Near Threatened: 15

  • Data Deficient: 1

  • Possibly Extinct 7

Data from IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2023

IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2023

Plant Name
Status
Endemic
1
Abies cilicica (Antoine & Kotschy) Carrière
Near Threatened
2
Aegilops sharonensis Eig
Vulnerable
3
Alchemilla diademata Rothm.
Critically Endangered
Yes
4
Alkanna leiocarpa Rech.f.
Endangered
Yes
5
Alkanna maleolens Bornm.
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
6
Alkanna prasinophylla
Endangered
Yes
7
Allium libani
Near Threatened
8
Allium machmelianum
Near Threatened
9
Allium meronense
Endangered
10
Allium pseudocalyptratum
Endangered
Yes
11
Allium sannineum
Endangered
Yes
12
Althaea bertramii 
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
13
Anchonium billardierei
Vulnerable
14
Anthemis didymaea
Critically Endangered
Yes
15
Arenaria libanotica
Endangered
Yes
16
Arum hygrophilum
Near Threatened
17
Astartoseris triquetra
Near Threatened
18
Astracantha sofarensis
Endangered
19
Astragalus angulosus
Vulnerable
20
Astragalus cedreti
Endangered
Yes
21
Astragalus ehdenensis
Endangered
Yes
22
Astragalus hirsutissimus
Endangered
Yes
23
Astragalus kurnet-es-saudae
Critically Endangered
Yes
24
Astragalus lanatus
Endangered
Yes
25
Astragalus trifoliolatus
Endangered
26
Barbarea macrocarpa
Endangered
Yes
27
Bellevalia warburgii
Endangered
28
Bromus bikfayensis
Critically Endangered
Yes
29
Cedrus libani
Vulnerable
30
Centaurea heterocarpa
Endangered
Yes
31
Centaurea mouterdei
Endangered
Yes
32
Cephalaria cedrorum
Vulnerable
Yes
33
Cephalaria kesruanica
Endangered
Yes
34
Chaerophyllum aurantiacum
Endangered
Yes
35
Chaerophyllum syriacum
Critically Endangered
Yes
36
Cherleria rupestris
Endangered
Yes
37
Clinopodium libanoticum
Endangered
Yes
38
Clinopodium nummulariifolium
Endangered
Yes
39
Cousinia libanotica
Vulnerable
40
Crepis robertioides
Endangered
41
Crocus hermoneus
Vulnerable
42
Cyclamen libanoticum
Endangered
Yes
43
Dianthus karami
Endangered
Yes
44
Draba oxycarpa
Endangered
45
Erigeron libanoticus
Endangered
Yes
46
Erysimum verrucosum
Endangered
47
Ferula hermonis
Endangered
48
Gagea dayana
Endangered
49
Gagea micrantha
Vulnerable
50
Galium pestalozzae
Vulnerable
Yes
51
Galium thiebautii
Endangered
Yes
52
Gonocytisus pterocladus
Vulnerable
53
Helichrysum virgineum
Vulnerable
Yes
54
Hieracium kneissaeum
Critically Endangered
Yes
55
Himantoglossum caprinum
Near Threatened
56
Himantoglossum comperianum
Endangered
57
Hypericum libanoticum
Vulnerable
58
Iris antilibanotica
Critically Endangered
59
Iris bismarckiana
Endangered
60
Iris cedreti
Critically Endangered
Yes
61
Iris lortetii
Endangered
62
Iris westii
Endangered
Yes
63
Jacobaea mouterdei
Endangered
Yes
64
Johrenia westii
Endangered
Yes
65
Klasea mouterdei
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
66
Lathyrus armenus
Endangered
67
Lathyrus cassius
Near Threatened
68
Lathyrus chrysanthus
Near Threatened
69
Lathyrus libani
Endangered
70
Lathyrus stenolobus
Endangered
71
Lathyrus variabilis
Vulnerable
72
Leontodon libanoticus
Vulnerable
Yes
73
Lepidium culminicolum
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
74
Linum carnosulum
Critically Endangered
Yes
75
Lycochloa avenacea
Critically Endangered
Yes
76
Malus trilobata
Near Threatened
78
Matthiola crassifolia
Endangered
Yes
79
Minuartia libanotica
Endangered
Yes
80
Myopordon pulchellum
Endangered
Yes
81
Noccaea oppositifolia
Endangered
82
Odontarrhena libanotica
Data Deficient (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
83
Odontites hispidulus
Endangered
Yes
84
Orchis punctulata
Vulnerable
85
Orchis spitzelii
Near Threatened
86
Origanum ehrenbergii
Vulnerable
Yes
87
Origanum libanoticum
Vulnerable
Yes
88
Ornithogalum libanoticum
Endangered
Yes
89
Papaver libanoticum
Endangered
90
Phelipanche astragali
Endangered
Yes
91
Pistacia atlantica
Near Threatened
92
Prunus agrestis
Endangered
Yes
93
Prunus arabica
Near Threatened
94
Prunus microcarpa
Near Threatened
95
Quercus kotschyana
Endangered
Yes
96
Quercus look
Endangered
Yes
97
Ranunculus orbiculatus
Endangered
Yes
98
Ranunculus schweinfurthii
Endangered
Yes
99
Romulea nivalis
Vulnerable
100
Romulea phoenicia
Vulnerable
101
Rosularia kesrouanensis
Endangered
102
Sagina libanotica
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
103
Salix libani
Near Threatened
104
Salvia peyronii
Critically Endangered
Yes
105
Scorzonera libanotica
Endangered
106
Scorzonera mackmeliana
Endangered
Yes
107
Senecio bertrami
Critically Endangered
Yes
108
Senecio exilis
Critically Endangered
Yes
109
Senecio mouterdei
Endangered
Yes
110
Serratula mouterdei
Critically Endangered
Yes
111
Silene astartes
Vulnerable
112
Silene grisea
Vulnerable
113
Silene makmeliana
Near Threatened
114
Silene reuteriana
Vulnerable
Yes
115
Stachys ehrenbergii
Vulnerable
Yes
116
Stachys hydrophila
Vulnerable
Yes
117
Thesium libanoticum
Endangered
Yes
118
Trifolium sannineum
Endangered
Yes
119
Tripleurospermum sannineum
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Yes
120
Vicia hyaeniscyamus
Endangered
121
Viola libanotica
Endangered
Yes
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